jueves, 12 de enero de 2012

TerraSkin: revolutionary invention [with video]

1.Definition and principal characteristics

  • TerraSkin is a concept of paper, is like normal paper but manufactured without wood, that is a really good new for environment because one of the worse problem is deforestation.
Then, We are going to see the principal characteristics of Terraskin with his advantages:
TerraSkin is a combination of mineral powder (>75%) and a small quantity (<25%) of non-toxic resin combined to create an environmentally friendly paper. 

  • The production of TerraSkin requires no water, so the TerraSkin papermaking process incurs no water pollutants. 
    • Used TerraSkin paper will start to degrade under the proper environmental conditions of high heat, moisture and UV light.  
      • Most importantly, in producing TerraSkin, the harvesting of trees is unnecessary, thereby safeguarding the natural environment’s beauty and biodiversity for all living beings. 
        • TerraSkin also has beautiful printing capabilities and a unique texture and feel. Because the paper is fiberless, it does not absorb ink like regular paper and also uses less ink than regular paper. Images stay much crisper and cleaner because the ink doesn’t bleed. 
        • TerraSkin is water – resistant and inherently strong and durable.

          2.Comparation between normal paper and TerraSkin in relation of Energy consuption

        2.1. PRINTING PAPER

        During production, electricity consumption is 780 KWH/TP and steam consumption is 2.5T/TP.
        Electricity: 780 x 2450 = 1911 x 10^3 Kcal/TP
        Steam:  2.5 x 655 x 1000 = 1638 x 10^3 Kcal/TP
        Total energy consumption = (1911 x 10^3) + (1638 x 10^3) = 3549 x 10^3 Kcal/TP

        2.2. TERRASKIN

        During production, electricity consumption is 720 KWH/TP.  TerraSkin does not have any steaming process.
        Electricity: 720 x 2450 = 1764 x 10^3 Kcal/TP
        Total energy consumption = 1764 x 10^3 Kcal/TP

        3.Why go tree free?



        120 Billion tons of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) has been released due to deforestation.
        Of the trees harvested globally for industrial uses, Nearly half goes to pulp and paper production.
        U.S. Paper producers alone consume 1 Billion trees – or 12,430 Sq. Miles of Forests EVERY YEAR, while producing 735 pounds of paper for every American.

        Less than 20% of the world's original forest cover remains intact, and much of what does remain is already threatened by commercial logging.

        In order to produce a metric ton of traditional wood pulp papers, an average of four metric tons of wood chips is utilized, which is the equivalent of felling approximately 23 large trees.
        Although about 30% of the world's wood pulp supply now comes from tree farms, by and large forest-harvested timber still dominates supply. In truth, even if artificial tree plantations have taken some pressure off deforestation, tree farms host about 90% fewer animal species than the natural forests that preceded them.

        3.2.WATER QUALITY



        220 Million Pounds of toxic pollution are released into the air, ground and water each year thanks to the pulp and paper industry, which is the third largest industrial polluter in both Canada and the U.S.
        3 Million Tons of Chlorine is used annually to bleach wood pulp white.

        Chlorine Bleach is a major source of the potent carcinogen dioxin, which can now be found throughout the world in the air, water, soil and food.

        **Statistics are from The Paper Chase by Jim Motavalli, Editor of E/The Environmental Magazine www.emagazine.com or to read The Paper Chase http://www.emagazine.com/?toc&issue=68

        Check out this amazing video!

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